Updated: Nov 4, 2020
The permanent makeup industry has come a long way. PMU procedures are generally considered non-invasive, but whenever the skin breaks, there are certain risks.
Most are not pigment related (although substandard pigments can cause irritation and even granulomas and unattractive fading, so be sure to check what your chosen artist is using), but rather to the artist's technique and the conditions in which the procedure is done.
Generally, permanent makeup is safe for everyone, with a few exceptions due to certain conditions. Side effects are extremely rare and can be prevented with proper hygiene and a quick allergy test.
• Risk of infection
The number one problem arising from PMU procedures is infections caused by artist unprofessionalism. Whenever the skin is damaged, bacteria can enter your body. This risk is minimal in the sterile environment that every PMU salon should be, but the fact is, not every artist pays the same attention to hygiene.
Before each treatment, all instruments must be sterilized, as should all surfaces that the instrument or the client may come into contact with. The most serious consequence of using unsterilized instruments is the transmission of hepatitis. The area to be treated must be thoroughly cleaned. Throughout the procedure, the artist must wear protective equipment (gloves, mask, goggles).
A less common but still pressing problem is the formation of excessive scarring or keloids, which sometimes form when an area of skin is punctured over and over again. Some people genetically have skin prone to keloids or hypertrophic scars and are likely aware of the risks. However, a particularly aggressive technique can cause keloid scars even in people who don't.
• Allergic reaction
Yes, although this is very rare. Your body may react to certain ingredients in the pigment formula with swelling, tingling, or redness, but luckily this can be avoided by applying a patch. If you have concerns, see your doctor and ask for a patch before your procedure.
How can you avoid these side effects?
The only way to avoid all of these side effects is to choose an artist carefully. The number of PMU artists on the job has skyrocketed over the past few years, and unfortunately most of them are just not very qualified and some of them may not have received training in blood-borne diseases. This is due to the lack of regulation in many states.
You should also use the appointment appointment to ask them about anything that interests you. If they seem insecure, avoid questions, or do not give satisfactory answers, you might want to look for another artist.
Unfortunately, permanent makeup is not safe for people suffering from the following conditions:
People with diabetes
People with serious medical conditions such as cancer, epilepsy, or autoimmune disorders.
People during pregnancy and breastfeeding
People with any bleeding disorders
People taking blood thinners
People who have recently received Botox injections or fillers (it must take at least 2 weeks before you receive PMU)
People with viral infections or illnesses
People undergoing chemotherapy
People with skin irritation or psoriasis near the treated area
Kristina Shumakovich | Permanent makeup artist
Your beauty is my passion